Legacy of the Games
The XVIII Olympiad was the first to be held in an Asian country. It was the first occasion on which South Africa did not take part after it was banned by the International Olympic Committee as a protest against the apartheid regime.
The Tokyo Games marked the last time a cinder running track was used in athletics and the last time a manual stop-watch was used for official timing. It was also the first Games in which a fibre-glass pole was used in the pole-vaulting and the first time a team event for women was included (volleyball).
The Fair Play trophy was awarded for the first time at the 1964 Games, to two Swedish yachtsmen who abandoned their race to save the lives of two fellow competitors whose boat had sunk.