The 1968 Paralympic Games were originally planned to take place in Mexico City alongside the Olympic Games. However, due to technical difficulties, Mexico City was unable to act as host.
Ludwig Guttman and the International Stoke Mandeville Games Federation were invited by the Israeli government and the ILAN Society (an Israeli organisation for the disabled) to organise the Games at Ramat Gan, near Tel Aviv. The Stoke Mandeville Federation accepted the offer, which was designed to mark the 20th anniversary of Israel’s independence. The games were officially known as the 17th International Stoke Mandeville Games.